If you are like me, you try and be a bit good and eat a healthy diet, so you you read up on what you should eat and it tells you a portion of this and a portion/ration or serving of that, but they never tell you how much a portion/ration or serving is.
I have managed to find a list which is a little more helpful, I hope that you find it so as well, not that I am trying to get everyone to eat healthy, but a little knowledge never hurts.
What Counts As A Serving?
Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta
1 slice of bread
1 oz. of ready-eat-cereal
1/2 cup of cooked cereal, rice or pasta
Vegetable1 cup of raw, leafy vegetables
1/2 cup of other vegetables cooked or chopped raw
3/4 cup of vegetable juice
Fruit1 medium apple,banana, or orange
1/2 cup of chopped, cooked or canned fruit
3/4 cup of fruit juice
Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese
1 cup of milk or yogurt
11/2 ounces of natural cheese
2 ounces of processed cheese
Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts2-3 ounces of cooked lean meat, poultry or fish
1/2 cup of cooked Nuts, dry beans
2 tablespoons of peanut butter count as 1 ounce of lean meat
At the base of the pyramid are breads, cereals, rice and pasta.
These foods, all from grains, should provide the foundation or largest portion of your meals. They provide energy and key nutrients the body needs every day. When you use whole-grain products, they also provide dietary fiber which is protective against both heart disease and cancer.
Fruits and Vegetables:
The next level includes fruits and vegetables.
Most people need to eat more of these foods. They are rich sources of vitamins and minerals but are very low in calories and fat, and are cholesterol free. Fruits and vegetables also contain antioxidants and other substances that are now recognized as helpful in preventing heart disease, cancer and other many other health problems. The majority of your food should come from these first two levels.
Meat and Dairy:
As you rise higher in the food pyramid, notice that the area or size of the higher levels are smaller. The milk and meat (better called protein foods) groups are important but should be used in smaller portions because that are higher in fat, calories and cholesterol. When using milk and cheese, look for the nonfat or low-fat products. If you don't drink milk or use milk products, be sure to get adequate calcium and vitamin B-12 from other foods or from dietary supplements. If you eat meat, choose those that are lowest in fat: skinless chicken, lean meats, fish.
Adequate protein can also come from vegetable protein sources if you eat a variety of them. Good examples of vegetable protein sources include: legumes (e.g., peas, beans, garbanzoes, kidney beans, split peas), tofu, nuts and peanut butter, and meat alternates made from combinations of these products such as "vegeburgers", meatless hot dogs and steaklets (made from soy, gluten, and other ingredients).
Fats and Sweets:
The tip of the pyramid is small and indicates these foods should be used sparingly. These are the foods that are high in fat, sugar, and calories and lowest in nutrients (just the opposite of what most of us need). Limit fats, oils and sweets to a minimum for the best health and to maintain a healthy weight.